Apparently, not all green plants are safe for your furry little friends or any other herbivore pet. If you are tired of having to feed your rabbit a particular green or flower, we’ve got you covered. Below is a long list of safe plants for your rabbits and just to ensure you stay safe, we also have a list of non-so-safe plants too.
Some rabbit pets owners and rabbit breeders who rely on commercially produced foods like pellets suffer a great deal in ensuring that their rabbits get feed nutritious foods but with the cost of pet food on the rise and the fear of genetically modified foods (GMO) affecting your rabbit’s well being; rabbit owners and breeders are on the lookout for more natural and safe way to feed their rabbits.
Just to let you know, your rabbit or any herbivores eating pets you have CAN effectively live on fresh greens –wild or homegrown and remain healthy and happy too.
Tips to Remember
The lists in this article are based on what thousands of rabbit owners and breeders we have interacted with feed their rabbits. You, however, have to remember that rabbits are of different breeds and a particular food might not suit your kind of rabbit.
Be mindful of the food your rabbit love and the greens they play in the garden. Furthermore, try to ask your vet, a rabbit breeder or Google what the nutritional content of the plants is and how it can help your rabbit grow better.
The lists here are well searched and researched, but that doesn’t make us infallible as it is your rabbit and you should take care of it.
Don’t poison your rabbit – the list here are safe, but you must know that rabbits are very fragile and too much of a particularly good thing is bad or can be bad for them.
Which plants are safe?
Rabbits are curious animals, behave just like babies, they don’t know what is wrong or right, so potted plant around the house and succulent greens in the garden are good for them, so before we start with the list, do this, when you are in doubt of a plant, keep it away from your rabbit and if the plant is the garden, put a fence around it.
Apples – every part of the plant without the seeds
Aster and the twigs and branches of Ash
Birch (twigs and branches)
Blackberry (brambles, leaves, and berries)
Black oil sunflower seed
Tip – Limit the amount of Brussels and broccoli as they cause gas build-up in your rabbit.
Corn (organic and not GMO)
Crabapple (not seeds)
Cowberry and bushes
Cilantro and bloom
Chamomile and bloom
Carrots (limit intake due to sugar contents)
Cauliflower (limit due to gas build-up)
Celeriac and curly dock
Daylily and dewberry
Echinacea and Endive (limit the consumption due to gas build-up in their system)
Fireweed and all parts of the fennel plant
Great willow herbs
Great plantain and blooms
Grains (wheat, barley, millet, and oat)
Grapes (organic only)
Gallberry and garden cress
Hazel (twigs and branches) and hyssop
Juniper (branches and twigs)
Kohlrabi (be gentle with both due to gas build up)
Lettuce (dark green are better)
Lespedezas and lovage
Mustard (greens and flowers)
Maple (twig and branches)
New Jersey tea
Orchid oats (all forms- whole, crimpled or rolled)
Pear (all but seeds)
Parsley (roots and leaves- great for bacterial balance)
Papaya and pineapple (the fresh fruit contains enzymes that help reduced fur block in rabbits)
Plantain and blooms
Pines (don’t feed when they reach breeding age)
Raspberry and leaves
Sage (sage blooms)
Salad burnet and bloom
Turnips (limit consumption due to gas build up)
Tomatoes (only ripe fruits not green)
Thyme and timothy hay.
The above is a list of pet safe plants for your rabbit –quite an extensive list, so which plants are unsafe?
Unsafe Plants for your Rabbit
Some of the plants listed here are not all unsafe; just some portion of it which will be indicated.
Acokanthera (fruits and flower)
Angel trumpet tree (flower, leaves and seeds)
Balsam-pear (seed and outer rind of the fruit)
Baneberry (berries, roots and foliage)
Belladonna lily (bulbs)
Bird of paradise bush (seeds and pods)
Black locust (bark, sprout and foliage)
Black nightshade (leaves and berries)
Buckeye (sprout and nuts)
Buttercup and butterfly weed
California holly leaves
Calico bush (young leaves and shoots)
Cassava (roots and sap)
Castor bean (seeds and leaves)
Cherries (wild or cultivated twigs, foliage, bark and pits)
Jerusalem cherry (fruits and leaves)
Chinaberry tree (berry)
Colorado rubber weed
Crown of thorns (leaves and flowers)
Doll’s eyes (root, berries and foliage)
Fiddleneck (bark and fruits)
Fruit salad plant
Gold Dust Dracaena
Golden Chain tree
Greasewood gold tooth aloe
Hawaiian baby wood rose
Holly leaves and berries
Indian rubber weed
java beans (uncooked)
Jessamine (flower, leaves and berries)
Jimmy fern Jimson weed
lantana camara green berries
lily of the valley
lords and –ladies
mountain laurel (shoots and leaves)
peyote cactus tops
potato green leaves
psychic nuts(seed and oil)
Queen Anne Lace
rum cherry(the withered leaves)
silver lining plant
snow on the mountain
spotted dumb cane
star of Bethlehem
tomato leave and vines
Venus fly trap
violet plant seeds
Wild black cherry
Yam been root and immature pods
Yellow holly berries
While you can’t get through the list of good or bad plants for your rabbit, there are some tips to have to remember to keep them healthy.
Although cucumber and light green lettuce have high water contents, they have little or no nutrients, and too much of them can cause diarrhea in rabbit until their system get used to it. You do, however, have to make sure you address such changes when you change or introduce a new veggie to them.
Some people feed cabbage to their rabbits while this is not bad per se, regular consumption can enlarge the thyroid glands and hard on the digestive system
Don’t ever feed your rabbit dairy or any food that contain dairy whether pasteurized or not
Avoid all genetically modified food like a plague, it interferes with their fertility process and can cause infertility and cancer in rabbits
Peanuts and potatoes are good, but the rabbit is at risk of getting a mold infection.
Don’t Feed Rabbit Too Much of the following
Rabbits have a fragile digestive system, while some foods are great; too much is detrimental to their well-being. Foods like grains, nuts, corn, beans, potatoes, shoots, whole seed, and peas contain high starch and sugar levels that interrupt healthy bacteria setting of the stomach lining caused serve diarrhea and death in baby rabbits.
Beans are good when cooked but don’t feed your rabbit raw beans
Herbs and spices like onion, garlic, leeks, and chives are not great for rabbits; they suppress their immune system, cause hemolysis and even anaphylactic shock in some breed of rabbits
Most seeds and pits of fruits are toxic as they contain cyanide. Rabbits should not be fed chocolate either.
Twigs and Branches
While twigs and branches are a way for rabbits to get their oral hygiene done, not all twigs and branches are safe for your pet. Some twigs and branches to avoid are plum, peaches, cherries, almonds, nectarine, apricot, and others.
Rabbits are fun, furry and cute pets; though they are herbivores or vegetarian, not all plants are good for them.
The list above will give you an insight on what to or not to for the well being of your rabbit.